The battery of your motorcycle or scooter is essential to its operation. This is the one that allows you to start without problems and avoids you from multiplying unsuccessful attempts or having to push your vehicle! However, when it is cold or if you ride little or nothing for a long time, the battery may be discharged or damaged. Here’s how to take care of it, maintain it, recharge it and, if necessary, change it.
How to maintain your motorcycle battery during the winter?
Why is it important?
After a long standstill, when making only short trips or when it is cold, you must ensure that your battery does not over-discharge. The immobility induces a notorious loss of load (up to -50% after 3 to 5 months depending on the type of cell), and low temperatures also have a significant impact with a loss of about 1% of the battery — charge for each 2 ° slice below 20 °. Hence the need to take care of his motorcycle battery regularly and check its condition to not find a vehicle out of service in the spring.
Take care of your motorbike battery during the rainy season
It is logically in winter that you stop using your bike: as well prepare it to enjoy the first sunny days! It is then best to disconnect the battery and keep it flat, in a dry and not too cold place. Start by checking and correct the levels (see below) if it is a conventional battery and remember to recharge before storing it. A maintenance-free battery does not require any particular intervention. Warning: A battery that is put in winter without being renewed may sulfate and therefore deteriorate.
Throughout the winter period of immobilization, remember to regularly check (at least every two months) the battery charge, and make the usual checks before putting it back into operation.
How to check the condition of your motorcycle battery
To know the state of your motorcycle battery or scooter, simple gestures are enough. They will allow you to evaluate the problem and to see if you need to charge or replace the battery.
- Switch on the ignition to see if the lights come on. If not, the battery is probably HS; if so, there is at least some charge left.
- Try to start. If nothing happens, the battery does not have enough charge, or it is empty.
Identify the problem
To know the origin of the problem, you will have to disassemble the battery:
- Check that the housing is not cracked or damaged
- For an acid battery, open the case to check the fluid level. If it fails to reach the recommended level or if the levels in the cells are not equivalent, complete with distilled water or demineralized water. It can be found in hardware stores, hardware stores, and most superstores. However, maintenance-free batteries should not be opened.
- Check that the lugs are not oxidized or covered with a deposit preventing the conduction of electricity. Clean them if necessary by brushing them and grease them slightly to prevent the sediment from reforming.
- An acid battery can be tested with a scale if you have one. By dipping it into the liquid, a size indicates whether the battery is faulty or has been short-circuited.
- More simply, you can test the charge of the battery with a voltmeter or a multimeter. Choose the “DC” position and measure the voltage between the battery terminals. Between 12.5 and 13 Volt, the battery is charged correctly. Between 12 and 12.5 Volts, it must be recharged following the precautions of use. Below 11 Volts, it will be impossible to restore, and it must be replaced. If the indicated value exceeds 13 volts, the battery is overloaded and unusable.